Anchovies are found in scattered areas throughout the world’s oceans, but are concentrated in temperate waters, and are rare or absent in very cold or very warm seas. They are generally very accepting of a wide range of temperatures and salinity. Large schools can be found in shallow, brackish areas with muddy bottoms, as in estuaries and bays.
Anchovies are rich in omega-3-fatty acids, protein, vitamins, and minerals that help maintain good health.
They contain calcium, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, and zinc. Anchovies are a good source of vitamins such as thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, folate, vitamin C, B12, B6, A, E, and K. These oily fish also contain good fats and cholesterol. Anchovies contain large amounts of polyunsaturated fats, which can reduce the presence of LDL (bad) cholesterol. They help reduce the risk of atherosclerosis, heart attacks, and strokes. Anchovies have significant amounts of protein and a low-calorie count, which makes them ideal for people trying to lose weight. The vitamins and minerals found in anchovies provide many health benefits, including helping to build strong bones and prevent osteoporosis and other bone conditions. Anchovies rich in iron enhance oxygen supply and increase the blood circulation in the body.